The following article was published on Aug 18th by The Inquirer Editorial Board and written by a group of journalists who work separately from the newsroom to debate matters of public interest here: https://www.inquirer.com/business/aqua-pennsylvania-chester-county-willistown-sewer-sale-consumer-advocate-20220809.html
It is irresponsible for local governments to peddle these valuable public assets and leave customers at the mercy of businesses who are all but guaranteed to jack up their bills.
by The Editorial Board
Now, an even worse idea is taking hold in towns across the state: selling off public water and sewer systems to for-profit companies. It does not take a financial wizard to figure out that this will not end well for consumers. But that has not stopped local governments from moving forward with what can only be described as an irresponsible sale of a valuable public asset.
In April, state regulators approved a $235 million sale of York County’s public wastewater system to Pennsylvania American Water. The deal provided the county a one-time cash infusion, but it leaves residents at the mercy of a profit-driven company that is all but guaranteed to jack up customers’ bills in the coming years.
In fact, the deal is crafted in a way to buy elected officials time before the public realizes what hit them. American Water can’t raise rates for three years. But after that, rates can go up by nearly 50%.
In return, York gets a one-time cash windfall that it plans to use to close a budget gap, while also freeing itself from the future maintenance of its water system. But the short-term gain will result in long-term pain for customers. That has not stopped other local municipalities from turning a quick buck.
Bucks County is pushing to sell its public sewer system to Aqua Pennsylvania for $1.1 billion. If approved, residents in Bucks County will see their bills jump from an average monthly rate of $48 to $88. But unlike York County, where rates were frozen for three years, Bucks County residents can expect the price hikes to kick in after a year.
In other Pennsylvania towns that sold off their water and sewer systems, the bills are already coming due. Five towns where Aqua recently purchased municipal water systems were hit with the following percentage rate hikes based on households using 4,000 gallons a month: Limerick Township up 98%; New Garden up 90%; East
Norriton up 73%; Cheltenham up 69%; and East Bradford up 47%.
By comparison, residential customers in Philadelphia, where the city owns the water department, pay about half as much as suburban customers of for-profit water companies.
Residents saddled with hefty water and sewer bill increases can thank lawmakers in Harrisburg for unleashing the frenzy of for-profit water companies buying up local systems. In 2016, late State Rep. Robert Godshall sponsored Act 12, which allowed for-profit companies to charge customers the appraised fair-market value of the acquired system rather than the lower depreciated cost. After the measure passed the House and Senate, Gov. Tom Wolf signed it into law.
Beyond the giant price hikes, the sale of a public asset to for-profit companies raises other red flags. Local municipalities are not required to conduct the sales in public, opening the door for backroom negotiations where ratepayers have no input.
More problematic, the for-profit utilities are beholden to shareholders, have higher borrowing costs than public municipalities, and have to pay taxes. That all translates into higher costs for consumers. The sale to for-profit companies also leaves the water systems vulnerable to job cuts, a reduction in water quality, and poor customer service as companies cut costs to goose profits.
In other states that sold off municipal water and sewer systems, towns have come to rue it. Mooresville, Ind., tried to buy back its water system from American Water after residents grew frustrated with the exorbitant rate hikes. But the court-approved price was more than twice what the city was willing to pay. Fort Wayne, Ind., spent 13 years in a protracted legal battle before it was able to buy back its water system from Aqua America.
Local governments should say no to the fast bucks being waved around for municipal water and sewer systems. Any cash taken in up-front will only result in rate hikes and regrets later on.
Published Aug. 18, 2022
The Inquirer Editorial Board
This opinion was written by a group of journalists who work separately from the newsroom to debate matters of public interest.